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??????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????????????????? ?????????, ?????????? ??????? ??? ? ??? 2011 ????, ??? ????????? ?????? ? ?????-???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????????, ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ???????? D-Wave Systems, ?????????????? ? 1999 ????.????????? ???? ????????? ?????, ??????? ?? ???????, ??? ??????? ????????????? ???????. ? ???????? 1990-? ?? ????? ? ??????, ??? ? ???? ????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ????????. ??? ???? ??? ???? – ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?????????????????? ?????????. ???????? ????? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ??????? ??????; ??????????? ??? – ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????.

???????:

85963140_first_quantum_computer_ever_2????????? ????????, ??????, ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????.????????? ? ???????? (????, ?????? – ???????) . O?????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??. ???????? (?????? – ??? ??. ????????). ??????? ? ??????-??????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? (?????) ?? ????. ? ???????? 1990-? ??????? ? ??????. ? ??? 2011 ???? ? Nature ???? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????????? ??????????????? ????, ??? ??????? ?? 8 ?????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? ????????, ? ?? ????????????? ??????.? .

??? ????????? ????? ? D-Wave Systems, ?????????? ? 1999 ????, ??????? ?????????? ?? ????, ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???? ???????? ?????????, ????? ????? ?????????????????, ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????????????????? ????????. ?????? ??????? ????? 5 ???, ? 2001 ?? 2006 ???. ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ???, ????? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???????. ????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????????????????? ?????????. ?????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ????, ??????? ????? ???? ? ????? ?????? ? ???? ??????????????? ????????????: ?? ??????? ??????? ? ??????. ?????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????? ???????????.

??? ?????? ?????? ? D-Wave ???????? ????? 60 ???????????, ?? ??? ?????? ??? – ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ?????????????. ? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????????????, ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????.

???? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??? ???-?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????, ??? ?????????????? ??????, ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????????. ?, ??????????, ??? ???-?? ????? ??????? ?? ??????????. ??? ????????, ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????, ? ??? ??????????, ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????, ??????? ??????? ??????, ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ???????, ? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????.

?????, ??? ????????? ???, ? ??? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????. ???? ? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? 0 ??? 1, ?? ????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? 0, 1 ??? ????? ? 0, ? 1. ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????, ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ????.?

?? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ???????, ? ???? ????? ????? ???????. ? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ? ????????????, ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????, ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ? ????????? ????? ?? ???????. ????????? ??? ? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????????????? ?????????, ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ???????????? – ?? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ???. ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? 6 ??? (? 2005 ?? 2011 ???). ????????? ????????? D-Wave Systems 16-????????? Orion ? ????? ?????? ?????????, ????????? ????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ??????????.

????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????????, ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ???????. ?????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????????. ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????. ??? ????????? ???????? ??????, ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ? ???? ????????????? ???????, ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????.

??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ? 250 ??? ???? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????, ??? ???? ?? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ? ???? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ????. ????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????.

????? ? 2007 ???? ????????? ???????? ????????, ??? ??????? 16-????????? ????????? ? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????, ??????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????? ???????????. ? D-Wave Systems ??????? ?? ?????, ? ??????????? ??? 128-????????? ????????? ??? ????????? Rainier. ? ??? 2011 ???? ????????? ? ????????Nature????????? ??????? ???. ? ?????? ????????????, ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????-???????????? ????????.?

??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????? D-Wave??????????? Lockheed Martin. ??? ?? Nature ???????, ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? “???????????????” ??????, ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????. ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????, ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ? ???? ????? ????, ???????? Newsru.com.