?????-?????? ?????? “??????? ???” ??? ??? ??????


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? ??? ????????? ?????-??????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ??????. ??? ??????? ??????? 25% ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ? ???????? ?? 50 ?? 68 ???.

?? ????????? ?????????, ? ????????? 20 ??? ?????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? 10 ???. ???????????.

?????????? ?????? ????? ???????, ??? ??? ?????? ????, ?????????? ? ???????????? ???? ? ??? (????? ???????????????? ??????), ?????? ?? ??????, ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? – ? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????. ??? ????????? ????????, ????? ?????? ????????, ? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ????? – ??? ?????????? “??????? ???”.

??????, ???????????, ??? ?? ?????? ???, ??? ?????? ?? ???.

???????? Pew Research ??????? ???????????? ? ?????? ? ??????, ??? ??? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????. ???, ???????? ?????? ????? 60% ?????-??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????. ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????, ??????? ?? ????, ????????, ? ?? ?????????: ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????.

??????????, ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ???????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ????????.

?????, ??????, ????????, ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????????? ???????. ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????, ? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ? ????????????, ? ???? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????. ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? 2013 ?. ??????? ???? 401K ????? ?? ????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? $90 ???., ??? ?? 15,5% ???? ????????????? ??????????.

?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ???????????? ???? ????????? ???????, ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????. ???????? ?????? The Employee Benefit Research Institute ????? 40% ??????? ???????, ??? ????? ?? ?? ??????.

?

????? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????????????. ??? ?????????, ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????????, ????? 84%. ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????.

? ??????? ?????? ????? ? 2006 ?., ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?, ????? ???????, ????????????????. ? 2013 ?. ???? ?? ????, ???????? ??????? Case-Shiller, ??????? ? ??? ?? 13,5% – ?????? ???????? ? 2005 ?. ? ????????? ?????? ???? ? ????? ???????? 20%. ? 2014 ?. ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ???????, ?? ???? ? 3-5% ??? ?? ????????????.

???????? ????????????? ????? ???, ??????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ? ???????? ?????????. ??? ? ????? ????? ?? ?????, ???????????? ????? ? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ? ????. ? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????, ??? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???? ???????? – ??????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ?????.

??????, ????? ?? ????????, ??-?? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????, ??? ??????, ???????? ???????? ???. ? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????, ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????. ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???????????, ??? tapering ????? ????????????, ?? ? ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ????? ???????????????.

????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????. ?????? Standard & Poor’s/Case-Shiller, ?????????? ???? ?? ???????????? ? 20 ?????????? ??????????? ???, ? ?????? ????????, ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????.

?????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????. ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ?????????, ??? ??????? ????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ?? 3,3% ? ?? 1,1% ?? ????????? ? ??????? ?????.

??????????, ??? ??????? ?? “??????? ???” ????? ?? ???????????. ?????? ?????????? ?????-?????? ????? ????????? ??????????.