??? ??????????? ????? ??? ? ???? – ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????


Notice: Undefined index: pagination_styles in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/pagination-styles/pagination-styles-functions.php on line 46

Notice: Undefined variable: link_wrapper_outter in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/pagination-styles/pagination-styles-functions.php on line 81

Notice: Undefined index: pagination_styles in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 58

Notice: Trying to access array offset on value of type null in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 58

Notice: Undefined index: pagination_styles in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 64

Notice: Trying to access array offset on value of type null in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 64

Notice: Undefined variable: link_wrapper_open in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 64

Notice: Undefined variable: link_wrapper_close in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/single-view/single-view.php on line 64

Notice: Undefined index: enabled_posts in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/auto-pagination/auto-pagination-functions.php on line 184

Warning: in_array() expects parameter 2 to be array, bool given in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/auto-pagination/auto-pagination-functions.php on line 185

Notice: Undefined index: enabled_posts in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/pagination-styles/pagination-styles-functions.php on line 145

Warning: in_array() expects parameter 2 to be array, bool given in /home/l7be1wa427bm/public_html/zarubegom/wp-content/plugins/page-links-single-page-option/addons/pagination-styles/pagination-styles-functions.php on line 146

??????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????. ??????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????????, ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????, ? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????. ?? ?????? ? ????, ?? ? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????. ????????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ??? ???? ?????, ?????????? ? ????? ???????? ?????, ? ????? ? ?????? ???? ????.

??????? ?????? ??????

??? ????????? ? ? ??????? ??????. ???????? ?????, ??? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? 19 ????, ? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????. ??? ?? ?????, ???? ???? ????. ?????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????, ? ????? ????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ??????.

?????? ?????? ? ???????

??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ??????, ????? ?? ?????, ???? ?? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ???????. ?? ??????? ???????????? ????. ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????, ?????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????????? ????????. ??? ? ???????? 60-? ????? 19 ???? ?? ????? ???????, ??????????? ??????????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????????, ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????????. ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ? ???????, ? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????. ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???, ? ????????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????????? ????. ? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????: ? 1879 ???? ? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ? ????? ?.?. ?????????, ? 1880 ? ? ????? ?.?. ????????????, ? 1899 ? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????, ?? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????. ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????, ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????. ? ????? ? ???????? ??????, ??? ? ??? ???????????? ?????, ?????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????.

?????? ??????, ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ???????, ?????? ?? ????????? ? ??????. ??? ? ?????? ????????, ?? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????, ?????? ? ????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????. ? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????. ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????, ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????. ????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????-?????????????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????. ? ????? ?????? ??? ? ?????? 19 ???? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ???????, ? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????, ?????? ???? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????. ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????, ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????, ? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??????, ? ??????? ???????????? ????????, ??????????? ?? ??? ???, ??? ??? ?14 ?? ??????????? ????????, ???? ?????????. ??? ??? ?????-?????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????.

???? ?????????? ??????? ???????

20?? ??? ????????? ? ???? ????, ? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ????. ???? ??? ?????? ???????, ? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????, ??????? ???????, ???????????, ?????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ????? ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ???-?? ?????????. ? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????, ????????? ???????????? ?????????. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ??????????, ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????, ? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????. ?????????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????, ??? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ??????? ????????. ? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????????, ? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ???, ? ????? ??????, ???????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????, ??, ?? ???? ???? ???????????, ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????.

???? ??????????? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????. ????????, ??? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????. ???? ????? ??? ?????????. ????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????. ? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ? ?????????, ???????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????. ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????. ??? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????. ? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???, ??? ?????????. ??? ???? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????, ??? ????????? ???????, ???????????? ??? ?????, ????? ?????? ???? ???????, ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????????, ? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????. ?? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????, ??????????????? ?? ???????????, ?? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????? ? ?? ????? ??????????, ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????.

?????? ????????????? ??????? ???????

??? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ???????, ????????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????? (??????????????? ? 1904 ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????):

  • ???? ???? ?????????? ????????,
  • ???? ?????????? ??????? ????,
  • ????? 100 ??????? ??????? ?????? ????,
  • 200 ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????,
  • 25 ?????????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????,
  • 200-250 ??????? ?????? ?????????,
  • ???????? ??? ?????? (????? ?? ???),
  • 2 ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????,
  • 100 ??????? ????????,
  • 5 ????????????????, ????????? ??????? ???,
  • ???????? ?????? ??????????: 400 ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????, ? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????.

???? ?? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ???????, ? ?????????, ??????????, ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????.

???? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? ?????????????:

???????? ?????? ? 1-2 ????????????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? 5-10 ?????. ????? ???????? ?? ? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? (??????? ??? ???????), ???????? 150 ?? ?????? ?? 850 ?? ???????, 10-20 ?????? ??? ????????, 10-20 ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????? 20-30 ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???????. ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????, ????????, ????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????? ? ????????? ?????. ????????? ???????? ? ?????????, ?? ??????? ???????, ? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ????? ? ????? ??????. ???? ????? ? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????????. ???? ? ???, ??? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????????, ? ?????? ????????. ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???? ? ?? ????? ???????? ??????????, ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????. ?????? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ? ????????? ? ???????? ?????. ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ?? ???? ????????? ???????????? ???! (???? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????, ??????? ? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? 2-3 ????? ? ?????? ???? ?????? ? 30-40 ?????).

???? ?????? ???? ??? ????, ????????????? ?????, ??????????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????. ????????, ?????????? ????? ? ???????? ?????. ????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ????, ???????? ??? ? ???????? ????, ???????? ?? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? 2-4 ???? (????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ??? ???????? ??????? 2 ????? ????? ??????????). ?? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ?? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ???????, ?????? ????????, ???????? ??? ? ??????? ????????? ?????. ?? 5-10 ????? ?? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ?????? ???? ????????, ??? ?? ???????? ??? ? ??????? ? ???????? ????? ?? 20-30 ??????, ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ? ???? ???? (???? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ? ????). ??????? ????, ???????? ??? ??????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ???????, ????? ????????? ????? ? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ??????? ?????. ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ? ?????? ? ????????? ? ???????? ?????.

??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????????.

?????? ?????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????????.

??????? ? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????. ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ????????: ?? 25 ??????? ????????, ???? ? ???????, 10 ??????? ?????????, 30-40 ??????? ??????, 1 ???????? ????, ????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ? 50 ??????? ????. ???????? ????? ? ???????, ????? ???????? ???? ????? ? ?????? ??? 10 ?????. ???????? ?????, ?? ????????? ?????, ? ????? ????? ??????????, ????? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????.

?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????????.

??? ????????? ????? ????????????? ? ?????.

?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ? ????? ???????? (????????????? ????? ? ????? ? ???????????). ??????? ????? ???????? ?????, ?????????????? ?? ???????.

???? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ???????. ?? ????????????? ?? ?? ? ???? ??????. ?????????? ? ???? ????? ???????????. ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????, ????? ????? ??????, ? ?? ??????????????. ?????? 7-8 ?????, ?? ????? ?? 15.

??? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? (???????????? ?????? ??? ?????????, ?????????? ????? ?????). ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ????? ?? ??????? ? ?????. ????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????. ??? ?????? ? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????. ???? ?? ????? ??????, ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????, ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ????????????.

????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????????. ????????, ???-?? ?? ???? ??????, ?? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????, ? ??????? ????????????. ?????? ??????, ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ? ??????????, ? ?????????, ???????. ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? 1883 ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ???????, ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ? ????, ? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????, ?????? ?????? ???? ?????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????. ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????, ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???????, ? ????? ? ????????? 1917 ????. ?????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????. ? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ? ???? ???????????, ? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ? ???????? ????? ? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????. ?? ??? ? 1924 ???? ????????? ????? ???? ? ? ?????? ????? ??????????, ????????, ???????????? ??????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ? ?????. ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????, ?? ? ???????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????. ????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????. ????? ?? ????? ??????????, ? ???? ??????? ??????????? ? ?? ?????, ??? ??? ??????? ? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????, ??? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????. ?? ???????? ???? ? ? ?????????? ?????, ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????. ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????? ? ?????????.

?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? 20-? ????? 20 ????:

???????????:

  • 6 ??????????,
  • 2 ??????? ????????? ????,
  • 3 ??????? ???????? ???????,
  • 2 ???????????? ??????,
  • 1 ??????,
  • 200 ??????? ???????? ???? ?????,
  • 1 ?????? ???????? ???????,
  • 3 ??????? ????,
  • ?????????? ?????????? ????????,
  • ????, ????? ?? ?????.

?????????????:

????? ?????? ??????? ????????, ??????. ??? ??????????? ????????? ????? ? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????. ????????? ? ??????? ????????, ???????? ?? ??????, ??? ????????, ???????? ? ????????? ?????????, ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????.

? ?????? 30-? ???-????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????, ?????? ????? ???????????. ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ? ????? ?? ??????? ? ???????? ????? 1939 ????, ?? ? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????, ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ??????. ???????? ?? ?????????? ????? 1955 ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????????????, ??, ??? ?? ?????, ??????? ? ????????? ??????.

????? ?????????18

???????????:

  • 60 ? ????? ??? ????,
  • 60 ? ?????????,
  • 40 ? ??????, ??????? ??? ???????????? ???????,
  • 10 ? ???????? ??????,
  • 10 ? ??????? ????,
  • 45 ? ???,
  • 15 ? ????? ???????,
  • 70 ? ????????,
  • 10 ? ???????,
  • 10 ??????.

?????????????:

??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????, ??????? ????????? ?????????, ??????, ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????, ????, ????????? ???????, ???????? ??????? ????????? (?? 2-2,5 ??). ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????. ??? ????????, ????????? ?????????, ???????? ???? ???????. ??????? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????, ????????? ???????, ???????? ??????, ???????? ?????? ???????. ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????, ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? ?????? ? ???????.

??????? ??????? ? ??? ?????????? ? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ????????????, ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ??????, ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?salade a la Russe?. ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????, ????? ?????????, ? ????? ? ?????? ????????. ??????????? ? ??????? ? ?????????, ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????, ? ???????? ?? ?????????. ??????? ?????, ? ?????????, ?????? ? ????, ? ? 20 ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ? ?????, ?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????. ??????? ???????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????, ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???, ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ????. ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????. ???, ??????? ????, ??? ? ??????? ?????? ???? (? ???????, ?? ????? ?? ??????), ???? ??????? ?? ???????. ??????? ? ??????????????? ????????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????. ??? ?? ?? ?? ????, ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ? ???? ??????? ????????, ??????? ??? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????. ? ???????????? ?????, ?? ?????? ???????? 50-? ?????, ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????, ? ??????? ????? ????? ?????????, ????????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ?????. ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????, ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-?????????? ???? ???????? ?????????, ? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????. ?????????, ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? ?????, ? ????????, ?? ???-???? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????????? ????.

??????????? ????? ??????

14-new-year_08??? ? ? 19 ????, ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????, ??????? ?????, ??????? ? ???????, ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????, ??????? ???????, ??????? ? ???. ? ??????? ????? ?????? ? ????????. ????? ??????? ???????????, ????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????, ? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ?????????, ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????, ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????. ???? ? ????? ? ??????? ??????????, ? ?? ???????? ???????, ? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ?????????, ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????. ????????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????????. ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????, ? ????? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ????????. ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ??? ?? ????????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????, ??? ?????? ????? ?????????. ??? ???????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????, ???????, ??????? ??, ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????, ?? ?????????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????. ??? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????, ???? ???????????? ???? ? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????????.

??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????

?17? 1918 ????, ?? ?????? ?? ????????, ????? ??????? ?????????, ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ? ?????? ???????, ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????.

?? ????? ???, ????? ???????? ?????????, ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ?.?.?.?., ??? ??????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ???????. ? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????. ? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????: ???????? ??? ??????.

???????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??????, ??-?? ???????? ?????, ? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ? ??????, ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ? ?? ?????.

????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????, ?????? ?????? ???????, ????????? ??, ? ?? ????? ???????. ???????, ???????????, ??? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ???, ?? ??? ?????? ????????. ???-?? ????? ?????? ? ???????, ? ???-?? ????

?? ?????????, ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? 60-? ????? XX ????, ?? ?????? ??????? ????, ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????, ? ? 65-? ????? ???? ????????.

? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? (?????????, ??????, ???????), ???? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????. ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????. ?????? ???? ?????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ???? ??????? ?????, ??????????? ?????????. ????????? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????. ?????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ? ????, ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????. ????? ???, ??? ?????? ?? ????, ?????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????.

????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????: ?????????, ??????????, ????? ?????? ? ??????? ?? ?????.

??????? ?????? ??????

????? "??????"?? ????????????? ??????, ???? ????? ???????? ? ???? ? ?????? 70-?. ??????? ?? ???????????????? ???? (???????, ?????, ???????), ??????? ???, ????, ???? ? ????????. ???????????, ??? ???????, ???????????? ?? ?????, ???? ?????????????? ??????. ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? (??????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ???????). ?????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????. ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? (?? 10 ?????), ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????????. ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ????????? (???? ? ????) ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????????.

??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????????????? ???????. ???? ? ?????? 70-? 20 ???? ? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????, ?? ? ???????? 90-? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????. ??? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ?????. ????????? ?? ????? ???????, ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ???????????. ??? ????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????? (???????, ??????? ???????, ???????? ???????, ????????? ???). ? ????? ???????, ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????? ? ????? ????????, ??? ????? ??? ?????? ? ???, ??? ????? ??????? ? ??? ????????, ??????? ? ?????????. ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????, ????? ?? ????????????, ? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????, ??????? ????, ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????, ? ????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????. ? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????????, ????????? ?? ?? ??? ??????????? ???????????, ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????.

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??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????. ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????, ???????????????? ??????? ? ?????? (??? ?????????????????), ?????????? ???? ????????? (?? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??? ????????????), ? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ????????, ?? ????????? ?????, ????????? ?????????. ?????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ? ?????? ???????. ????????, ????? ???????????????????? ? ?????????? ???????. ?? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????????, ?????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????, ????? ??? ??? ?? ???????, ?? ??? ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????. ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ??? ??????, ???????? ??????, ????? ???? ??????? ? ???????, ? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????, ?? ????? ??? ? ? ????????

? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????, ????? ???????????????????? ? ????? ?? ???????? ???????. ? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????????????? ?????, ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????, ???????????? ?????, ??????? ???, ???????, ????, ???, ????? ? ???????? ? ???? ????????. ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????, ?? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????, ??????? ? ???. ? ??????, ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????.

? ?????? 90-?, ????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ?????????, ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????. ???????? ? ???????? 90-? ? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????. ?? ???? ? ???? ?? ?????? ?? 30% ?? ????????? ????, ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ? ??????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ???? ? ???????? ????????????. ? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????, ? ???????????? ???? ? ??????? ????????? ???????. ????????, ?? ?????? ?????????, ?? ? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????????????? ????? ????. ????? ????????????????? ???? ?????, ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ???.

? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ? ????????? ? ????????, ?????? ?? ??????? ???????, ??? ? ????????, ???????? ?? ???? ?????? (??????? ? ????????????), ?? ???????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????. ??????? ??????, ?????? ????????, ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???? ?? ????????. ????????? ??? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????, ? ????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ? ?? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????, ?? ????????, ????????? ? ????. ??????????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????.

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