???????????? ????????? “Opera in the Village” ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? “??????”: 14 – 23 ???????


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East Village, 618 Confluence Way SE
?????? $125, $75, $60, $35

??1953 ???? ????????? ?????? ??????? (Lillian Hellman) ?????????? ?????? ????????????????, ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????, ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????, ??? ????????? (1758). ??????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????, ??????? ????????? ???????, ???????????????? ???????????????????? ??????? ?????????, ??????????? ????? ???????????????????? ?????? ???????? 50-? ?????. ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ????, ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????.

????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???, ????????? ?????? ??????????????, ??? ??? ????????? ???????????, ????????????? ???????????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???????. ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????: ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????????, ??????????, ??????????? ?????????????, ???????.

?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????, ??????????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ?????????. ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????? ?????? (John Latouche). ????? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ?????? (Richard Wilbur), ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????. ???? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????, ?????? ???????, ?????? ?????? (Dorothy Parker), ???? ????? (John Wells) ???????? ????????.

????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ???????, ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????????, ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??1956?????. ????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????????.

??????????? ??????????, ?????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? (Tyrone Guthrie), ????????????? ??????? ????? (Oliver Smith) ??????????? ???? ?????? (Irene Sharaff), ????????? ?????-???????? ?????? Martin Beck Theater 1???????? 1956?????. ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? (Robert Rounseville), ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???, ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? (Max Adrian), ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (Irra Petina), ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????.

???? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????????????? ?????? ???????, ????????????? ??????????????. ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????, ???????????? ??????: ???????, ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????, ??-?? ?????????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????. ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????: ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????, ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????. ????????? ????????? ????????? 2???????? 1957?????, ?, ????? ???????, ?????? ??????? ????? 73?????.

?????????, ???????????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???a???? ???????. ????? ?????? ?????????, ???????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????. ?????? ??????? ??????????, ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????????.

??1958?????, ???????, ???? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????? (Michael Stewart) ???????????? ????????. ???????? ?????????? ???????? Saville Theater 30??????? 1959?????. ?????? ??????????????, ???????????? ???????????. ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ???1971?????, ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? (Gordon Davidson) ???????? ?????? ?????-????????. ???????? ????????, ??? ??? ????????? ??????????, ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????????????, ????????? ??????.

operafest-3??????? ?????????? ??????????? XVIII?????, ??????? ?????? ??????-???-?????? (Westphalia Chorale). ????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????, ??????? ??????, ?????????????, ????????????? ??????, ???????, ??????????? ????????? ?????????, ???????????????????? ??????????? ??????, ???????, ???????????????? ???????? ???? ???????? (Life is?Happiness Indeed).

??? ????? ?????????, ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? (The Best of?All Possible Worlds). ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????????, ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????: ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? (Universal Good).

?????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????. ??? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????, ?????????????? ??????? ???? ????????, ??? ???????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? (Oh, Happy We). ??????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????????. ??????????????? ??? ???? ??????, ?????, ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????, ????????? ??????? ???????? (It?Must Be?So).

??????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????, ????????? ?????????? ???, ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????. ??? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ????????: ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????. ??????? ???, ????? ???????? ???????? ?????, ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????. ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????. ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? (Westphalia), ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????-???-????? ????????????? ?????????????? (Battle Music), ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????. ????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????? (Candide?s Lament).

??? ?????????? ???????? ???????. ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????????, ????????? ?????? ??????? ????????. ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????, ??????? ?????????? ????????? (Dear Boy).

????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????. ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????, ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????, ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????. ???????, ??????, ??-???????? ?????????? ??????, ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????. ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (Auto-da-f?). ???????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? (Candide Begins His Travels/It Must Be?Me).

????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????? ???-???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (The Paris Waltz). ??? ?????????; ??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????, ?????? ???? ???, ???, ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????, ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? ???????????? (Glitter and Be?Gay).

?????????????? ???????? ?????????????, ?????? ???????? ???????, ????? ??????! ??????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????????? (You Were Dead, You Know). ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????, ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????????. ?????, ?????? ???????????, ???????????? ????????????????????? ?????????? ?????????, ??????? ???? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????. ???? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????, ???? ?????? ????????????? ?????????. ???????, ??????? ????? ????????????????? ??????? ???????????????, ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? (I?Am Easily Assimilated).

????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????????, ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? (Quartet Finale).

???????, ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? (Universal Good), ?????? ????????? ????????-?????. ?????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????. ???????????, ?????????? ????????, ???????? ??????????? ??????-?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????????. ????????? ???? ??????, ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???????? ????????? (My?Love).

????? ??????, ?????????? ???? ???????????????, ?????? ??? ???????. ??????? ???????? ???????, ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???, ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????. ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????????, ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? (We?Are Women).

?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ???????. ??????? ??? ????????????? ????????????? ?????? (The Pilgrims? Procession/Alleluya). ????????????? ???????-?????????????? ??????-?????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????. ???????? ?????????, ?????? ?????? ??????-?????????? ????????????, ??????????-???????????????? ??????. ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????: ????????? ????, ??????????????? ?????? ????????. ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????. ????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???????????! ??????????? ????????????? ??????????, ?????, ??? ??????, ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ????. ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????????? ??????.

???????? ??? ????. ????????? ?????????, ???????????? ????????? ???????????, ?????????? ????????????, ?????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? (Quiet).

?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????????. ??? ??????? ?????, ???????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? (Great Vaulted Cavern). ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????, ??????? ??????????? ????????, ?????????? ????????????? ??????. ??? ????????? (Introduction to?Eldorado).

?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????. ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????, ??????? ???????? ???????????? ???????, ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????, ?????? ?????? ???????. ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????????, ?????? ?????? ????? ????, ????????????? ????? ??????? ????. ??????, ??? ?????????, ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????! ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????????, ????????????? ????????? ????, ???????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????, ????????? ???????????? ???????,?? ???? ??? ??????????? ??????, ????? ???????? ???????. ?????? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????, ?????? ????????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ?????, ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ???? (The Ballad of?Eldorado).

?????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????????, ?, ??????? ??????, ????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????. ????????, ??? ????????-?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????????, ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????, ????? ???????? ?????????. ??? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????.

?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ???????, ??? ???????????? ???????, ????????????????? ??????????, ??????? ????, ??????????? ??????? ???????? (Words, Words, Words). ??????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ????????????, ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ???????, ???????, ?????????????? ??????????, ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????????. ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????????????, ???????? ??????, ????? ????????????? ???????. ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????, ????????????? ?????????, ????? ?????????????? ??????????? (Bon Voyage).

?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????, ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????????. ??????? ????????? ????, ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????, ????????? ???????????? ???? ??????. ????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ?????-????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????. ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????, ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?????, ????? ??????? ??????????????, ???? ?????? ????????. ???? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ???????? (The Kings? Barcarolle).

?????? ????????? ?????????. ???????? ????? ?????????, ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? (Money, Money, Money). ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????. ???????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ????, ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????.

???????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????, ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????, ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? (What?s the Use?).

?????? ???????? ????????, ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????. ??????? ?????? ??????, ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????????. ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????. ??????? ?????? ?????????. ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? (The Venice Gavotte). ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????, ?????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????, ???????? ?????????.

??????????? ????????, ??? ???, ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????, ?????????. ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ??????, ????????? ????? ????? ????????????? ?????! (Nothing More Than This).

????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ?????? ???? ??????, ????????? ???????????? ????? ??????????. ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????????, ????????? ??????????????. ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????-?????? ???????? ????????????. ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????. ????? ?????????? ??? ????????, ??? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????. ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? (Universal Good).

???????, ?????? ??????????? ?????. ??? ?????, ??? ???? ??????, ???????, ??? ?????? ????. ???????????? ?????? ???, ??? ??? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????, ????? ??? ????. ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ??? (Make Our Garden Grow).

??? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????, ????????????, ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ??1989?????.

???????? ????????? ??c??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????????? ???????. ???????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ???. ??1990 ???? ???-???????? ??????????????? ??????? (New York Philharmonic) ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????, ??????? 11???? ????????? ???? ????????????? ???????????. ???????????? ???? ????????? Glitter and Be?Gay ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ????.

??????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????, ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????????? ????????????????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????????. ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????.

????? 2004 ???? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????, ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????? (Lonny Price). ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? (Marin Alsop), ??????? ???????? ??????????; ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???-????????? ???????????????? ????????. ??????? ???? ????????? ????? ????? (Patti LuPone, ???????), ??????? ??????? (Kristin Chenoweth, ?????????), ????? ??????????? (Jeff Blumenkrantz, ???????????), ????? ??????? (Janine LaManna, ??????), ??? ????? (Paul Groves, ??????) ????? ????? ????? (Sir Tomas Allen, ???????). ????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????????, ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????, ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????: ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????, ?????????????????? ?????? ????????????? ????????????????? ????????????. ??2005 ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? PBS, ????????? ??????? ???DVD.

?????????????, ???????: ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????. ????????? 2006 ???? ??????????? ?????? ????? (Le?Ch?telet) ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? (Robert Carsen).

???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? XVIII ???? ????????? 1950?2000-?. ????? ?????? ??????-???-?????? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????, ????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????, ????????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????, ??????, ??????, ?????????? ???????, ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????, ?????????????? ???????? ?????-??????. ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??-?????????, ????? ????????, ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????. ??????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? (William Burden), ??? ?????????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? (Anna Christy), ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? (Kim Criswell) ????????? ?????? ???????, ???????? ?????? (Lambert Wilson), ????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????, ????????? ???????????? ?????????????, ?????????????, ????????????.

????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????, ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? (Michael Levine). ?????? ??????? ???????? (Stephane Lissner), ????????? ?????? ????????, ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? 2007?????, ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?????, ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????????. ?????????? ???? ???????: ?????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????. ??????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ?????, ????????? ??????, ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????, ??????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? Deutsche Oper ??-?? ?????, ????????? ?????, ????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????, ????????, ??-????????, ???????? ?????????????? ????????, ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????.

????????? ???????? ????????????, ??????????, ???????????????? ???????. ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????,?? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??????. ?????????, ?????????? ???-???? ??? ?????????, ????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ????? 2007?????. ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? (Nina) ??????? (Jamie), ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????, ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????????. ????????? ??? ????????? ???????????, ?????????? ?????????, ?????? ????? ????? ???????, ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???????, ??? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????,?? ?????? ???????.