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?????????? ???? “???????? ????????” ??? ??????? ? 1912 ????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? (1884-1964) ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????.?? ???? ???????? ???????? ????????????, ????????, ? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????.?

???????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????:

 

??????? ???????? ??????? (1884-1964) ??????? ??????? ?????? ? 1894 ?. ???????????? ?????????????-??????????? 308-?? ?????? ????????? ?????????, ????????? ? ?????????, ? ???????? ???????????, ????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????.? ? 1911 ?. ?.?. ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ? 7-?? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??? ?? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ?????-??????? ?????????.? ? 1918 ???? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????.?? ? 1920 ?. ???????? ? ?????? ????, ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ? ???????.? ? 1922 ?. ?. ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ????????????????? ? ?????? ? 115-?? ????????? ???????? ???, ??????? ? 1923 ?. ????????????????? ? 17-?? ?????? ???? ????. ? 1932 ?. ? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ???? (???? ???????? ??? ??).? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ? ?? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ????????????.? 29 ??????? 1964 ?. ?.?. ??????? ?????????. ????????? ? ?????? ?? ????????????? ????????, ??? ????? ???????? ????????-??????, ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????.

????????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ????.? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???????. ??? ? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? (? 1914-1915 ????) ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ?????????-???????????? “??????? ?? ??? ? ?????????”.? ? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? – “?? ???????? ??????? ???????”1.? ? ???? ??????????? ????? ???? “???????? ????????” ??? ????????? ?? ????? ?????.? ?????????? ?? ? ??????? “??????? ?? ??? ? ?????????”2, ? ????? ? ??????, ?? ??????? ????????, ????????? ???????? ?????3.?? ?????? ??????,??? ???? ??? ????????? ? ????? ??????????????, ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ? ????.

? 1937 ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? “??????????? ???????? ??????” (????? ???? ????? ???????),?? ??????? ????? 1943 ????, ????? ????????? ? ??????, ????????? ??????????? ???????, ????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? “??????????? ???????? ???” ? ???, ??? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ??? ???????????.

?????????? ???????? ? ???, ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? 7 ?????? 1941 ???? ??????????? ???? “???????? ????????”. ?? ????? ?? ????, ? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ????? ????????????.? ?? ????? ? ?? ????? ???? – ???? ???? “???????? ????????” ??? ????????. ? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????? “????? ???????” ???? ???? ??? ??????????????. ?? ??? ??? 1957 ???.

??????? ? ????? 60-? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????.? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?. ????????.? 4

????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????5.

? 1984 ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????6 -?? ????, ???????, ?????????, ??????? ????????, ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????.? ?? ?????? ????????, ?? ????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ?????, ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ? 1912 ????, ? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???????. ? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??????, ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????? ?? ???????????????:
??????? ??? ????? ?????,
?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????
? ?? ???????, ?? ???? ????????
???????? ?? ????? ????.
??? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ??????:
???, ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ?
?????????????? ?????? ?????
?? ??????, ?? ??????? ????????
???????? ?? ????? ????.

 

????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????: